Let’s say it is your first time interacting with the internet and you come across a website that is asking for you to sign up, but you are scared to because you are not sure if you can keep that account safe and not lose the account.
In this blog post, I will share with you some of the ways in which I keep myself safe online in the WEB2 and WEB3 spaces.
1. Password Manager
Now you think to yourself what’s a password manager? well a password manager is a place to generate a secure password and then save it in a secure online manager (vault) like LastPass
LastPass is one such platform to help you do this, it has been around the longest and is one of the most used managers.
LastPass when signing up to a site will prompt you with an icon in the password box to generate a random password that uses Uppercase, Lowercase, Numbers and Symbols it also generates a password of up to 99 on PC and 128 on mobile characters and then save this info in your manager.
LastPass also works on any device and browser.
2FA or two-factor-authentification is a second way to log into your account and gain access, it stops people from getting in even if your username/email and password are stolen.
the best way to do this is to use a mobile app that generates a 4-digit code that changes every 30 seconds.
This works because people need to have their phones to be able to get in but just be warned that if you lose your phone you may be locked out also.
TIP: NEARLY ALL WEBSITES AND APPS USE THIS SO CHECK YOUR SETTINGS TO SET IT UP
another 2FA that can be used is text, this will send a text message to your phone with a code to input, please only use this method if the website makes you use it and only use it if you can as a second option if that app option is not working because sim cards can me duplicated
the third option for 2FA is to say yes or biometrics, some apps and websites (if you have that app installed on your phone) will send you a notification on your phone that you a button or use your finger/face ID to log in
3. Safty Keys U2F
The best way to think about a U2F is like a key for your car you cant get in and start the car without it (legally anyway)
Well, a U2F is kinda the same thing, you need a USB device, NFC Tag or Bluetooth-enabled device to get in and start using your device.
TIP: NOT ALL WEBSITES USE THIS SO PLEASE CHECK YOUR SETTINGS TO SEE IF IT’S SUPPORTED
The one I recommend in this market is the yubico because you need to touch a sensor on the device before it will authenticate (This is good if you like me and forget to pull it out of the USB slot)
TIP: ALWAYS GET 2 U2F IN CASE YOU LOSE ONE AND LOCK YOURSELF OUT
another reason I recommend yubico to people is that you can get ones that are NFC enabled and you are able to store your 2FA-generated codes on the device and access them through their mobile/desktop, which makes it safer than holding that on your phone and is offline until you plug in the USB
4. Saving Seed Phrases
For these of you, that interact with WEB3 you will know that you will need a wallet and with that comes the recovery seed phrase and if you lose this you lose your wallet.
The first method of saving is to use a USB or memory card that you can keep with you and make sure its decrypted too
TIP: MAKE SURE TO MAKE MULTIPLE COPIES OF THESE AND KEEP THEM IN DIFFERENT PLACES
This method is the most secure, but if your like me would lose it more easily, to wright it down and save it somewhere safe
5. Cold Storage Wallets/hardware wallets
Now as you know your crypto is kept in wallets, most of them are on your phone or desktop always attached to the internet.
But clever people have come up with a cold storage option that keeps your crypto on a piece of hardware and away from the internet.
one such item is a ledger, this allows you to keep your crypto offline but as an extra bit of security allows you to fully interact with WEB3 to
TIP: LEDGER ALSO ALLOWS YOU TO USE LEDGER LIVE ON MOBILE WITH BLUETOOTH, ALWAYS GET 2 HARDWARE WALLETS AND USE ONE AS A BACKUP